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Saturday, 20 October


People Find Great Horned Owl In The Strangest Position "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

A resident in Woodside, California, got a surprise when looking up toward the tree canopy this week.

It's perfectly normal to see birds in trees but suspended in midair between two tall trees is another matter entirely.

Credit: PHS/SPCA

This particular bird was a great horned owl, who appeared to be painfully suspended there, with one of her wings stretched up. 

Thankfully, people at the Peninsula Humane Society & SPCA (PHS/SPCA) were called and, along with rescuers from the San Mateo County Sheriffs Office and the Woodside Fire Protection District, they rushed to the scene.

As unusual as the sight of this owl may seem, what this owl experienced was not that uncommon. Whether it's fishing line, plastic bags or balloons, seemingly benign debris humans leave behind in the environment can literally mean the deaths of wild animals and birds. 

In this case, the majestic owl was nearly killed by a kite string. 

Credit: PHS/SPCA

The poor owl was hanging by her wing suspended between two trees," Buffy Martin...


'Mini' Pig Was Kept Inside A Fish Tank So He Would 'Stay Small' "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Beacon was born to a breeder and sold to a family who was told he was a mini pig. The breeder told the family that in order to keep Beacon small, they should only feed him very, very small amounts of food, and they should also keep him in a smaller space in order to stunt his growth. His family took this terrible advice and kept Beacon in a fish tank. 

Credit: Anna Hoffman

After a while, Beacons family decided he was too much for them to handle, and put an ad up on Craigslist asking for someone to take him. Someone came across the ad and posted it in a pig group on Facebook, and thats how Beacons future new family found out about him and became determined to help him. 

As soon as Anna Hoffman saw the ad and the pictures of poor Beacon, she knew she had to help him. She already had one pig living in her house and hadnt been planning on getting another, but Beacon was in such a dire situation, and she knew she wouldnt be able to stop thinking about him until he was safe. The next day, she and her husband got in their car and to go and rescue Beacon. 

Credit: Anna Hoffman

When I picked Beacon up, I was in complete shock, Hoffman told The Dodo. The pictures I had seen were awful, but in person it was even worse. His hooves were about 3 inches long and he couldnt even walk properly. He was so skinny, all you saw was bone. He was terrified of everything. I tried to offer him a small piece of cookie to see if he would come near me but he wouldnt. 

Poor Beacon had been so mistreated that he was absolutely terrified of everyone and everything, and it was a struggle for Hoffman and her husband to get him into a crate so they could take him home with them. They finally made it work, though, and got Beacon to his new home, and the next day Hoffman rushed him to the vet to begin his recovery journey. 


Wild Horses Are Being Rounded Up Right Now And May Be Sent To Slaughter "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Helicopters thunder across the landscape, chasing hundreds of wild horses so people can lock them up in holding pens. The horses are stressed and scared, but this isnt the worst part soon theyll be sold off, and many could end up in a slaughterhouse.

Last week, the U.S. Forest Service began removing wild horses from the Devils Garden region of California, despite this being a designated area for wild horses to freely live. The reason? Its all about protecting commercial livestock, Grace Kuhn, communications director for the American Wild Horse Campaign, told The Dodo.

Credit: American Wild Horse Campaign

The Forest Service set a population limit of 206 to 402 horses on 300,000 acres in Devils Garden Wild Horse Territory while authorizing thousands of cattle and sheep to graze on the public lands within the wild horse habitat, Kuhn said. In the current roundup, the Forest Service is removing 1,000 horses from two grazing allotments in order for ranchers to turn out cattle again on the public lands there.

Credit: American Wild Horse Campaign

Unfortunately, horse roundups are fairly common in the western states., even though wild horses and burros are protected under U.S. federal law. At many roundups, horses become so stressed and exhausted that injure themselves, and young horses and elderly horses have died as a result.

So far at this roundup, no injuries or fatalities have been reported yet animal welfare advocates are still very concerned for the horses welfare, mainly because of the likelihood that theyll end up in slaughterhouses in Canada and Mexico....


Farmer Looks Inside His Well And Sees Someone Staring Up At Him "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Last week, a farmer in Yadavwadi, India, went to turn on the water pump of his well when he noticed something strange. There was someone at the bottom, staring up at him with wide, helpless eyes it was a leopard.

The leopard must have come into the village during the night to search for food, but ended up slipping into the well, which was about 30 feet deep. Unfortunately, there was no way for her to get out, and she struggled to keep her head above the waist-deep water. If she stayed there any longer, she could drown.

Credit: Wildlife SOS

Thankfully, the farmer knew what to do  he alerted the local forestry department, which got in touch with the Wildlife SOS team that manages the Manikdoh Leopard Rescue Center in Junnar, India. Then a rescue team from Wildlife SOS hurried to the farm.

With the help of several villagers, the team lowered a wooden ladder to the bottom of the well to give the leopard something temporary to sit on. As they hoped, the leopard immediately jumped on the ladder.

Credit: Wildlife SOS

After that, the rescue team lowered a trap cage with its door wide open, hoping the leopard would get into this as easily as she had leapt on the ladder. As luck would have it, she did.

Credit: Wildlife SOS

It was a bit surprising to see how quickly the leopard jumped into the trap cage, Kartick Satyanarayan, cofounder and CEO of Wildlife SOS, told The Dodo. In most cases, the animals are initially apprehensive of the unfamiliar metal cage, but as soon as th...

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Friday, 19 October


Dog Who's Blind And Deaf FLIPS OUT When She Senses Her Dad Is Getting Home "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Unable to see or hear, this adorable pup named Opal might experience the world a little differently than most dogs but that doesn't stop her heart from shining all the same.

Opal, an 8-month-old merle-coated dog, was adopted by Christina Bray and her husband, who found her through a rescue group in Idaho that works to rehome special needs dogs. As a result of improper breeding, Opal was born both blind and deaf.

That no doubt comes with certain challenges, but the dog's loving spirit is what matters most.

Recently, Opal's parents shared a video capturing that loving spirit firsthand. Though lacking sight and hearing, Opal still manages to sense what has become the best part of her day the moment her dad gets home. And sure enough, she's bursting with joy to greet him.

"She waits in the front yard and waits to either feel or smell his car," Bray wrote online. "[I don't know] how she can tell the difference, because neighbor cars pull up and she doesnt care. She then smells him and goes crazy. Its very sweet!"

Opal's remaining senses, perhaps, are heightened due to those she lacks but her heart is clearly elated by the people she loves most ...

... and it's fair to say the feeling is mutual.


Vet Tech Saves Puppy Whose Owner Wanted To Put Him Down "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

The puppy couldnt walk just right, so his owner a dog breeder took him to a vet clinic and asked for him to be put down. But luckily for that puppy, someone was about to save his life.

In July, a breeder brought Nico, a 4-week-old German shepherd puppy, into the vets office for an exam, but he ended up leaving him there. The vet, however, simply placed Nico in a cage in the back of the clinic, and a little later, vet tech Mikayla Silkman arrived at work and saw Nico there.

Credit: Mikayla Silkman

He just sat in his cage and cried, and it broke my heart, Silkman told The Dodo. He was so little, his eyes were barely open.

When Silkman learned that Nico was meant to be put down, she felt compelled to help him.

Credit: Mikayla Silkman

I thought, Oh my God, we cant euthanize this puppy, Silkman said.

Silkman called her friend, Trisha Malfitano, founder of Perfect Imperfections, a rescue that helps special needs dogs, and asked if shed take Nico. Malfitano was in Canada at the time, but she immediately agreed.

Credit: Mikayla Silkman

In the meantime, the vet staff did further exams on Nico. It was Nicos back legs that had the problem  he was missing some bones and connective tissue, which had caused some deformities. His condition...


Very bright meteor illuminates night sky over Hokkaido, Japan "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

A very bright meteor was seen and recorded over Hokkaido, Japan at 11:56 UTC (20:56 local time) on October 19, 2018. The event lasted several seconds before the object disintegrated. Fumitake Watanabe, an engineer at an observatory in the city of Nayoro, said the...... Read more

Illegal wildlife trades dirty money targeted by big banks "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

LONDON A broad alliance of 30 global banks and financial institutions have pledged to stop wildlife trafficking by pressuring the pocketbooks of criminal syndicates. Tracking the flow of dirty money and tackling corruption emerged as the missing elements in reducing the soaring illegal wildlife trade at a major conference last week in London. Under the moniker of the Wildlife Financial Taskforce, members of the United for Wildlife-backed coalition have pledged to not Knowingly facilitate or tolerate financial flows that are derived from the illegal wildlife trade and associated corruption. Members of the group, which complements one for the transportation sector set up in 2016, include Bank of America Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan, Standard Chartered, HSBC and RBS. We want to take the fight to the traffickers, by using the tools and experience the financial sector has learned from combating other devastating crimes, such as human trafficking and terrorist financing, said David Fein, group general counsel of Standard Chartered. The British government is also making $4.6 million available to assist the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to uncover illegally laundered funds in African countries such as Botswana, Cte DIvoire, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Its representative at the London conference made it clear that Britains focus is assisting, not leading. The U.K. is funding programs committed to helping law enforcement authorities in African countries to trace dirty money back to the criminal syndicates behind the dreadful illegal trade in animals and animal parts, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt said. Estimates

Secrets revealed: Researchers explore unique, isolated forest in Mozambique "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

There isnt much primary forest left in eastern Africa. In Mozambique, theres officially none, according to 2015 numbers from the Food and Agriculture Association (FAO) of the UN. But a tract of undisturbed forest has recently been discovered and surveyed in the countrys Zambezia province hidden in plain site at the top of a mountain. Julian Bayliss, a conservation scientist, initially spotted the forest on Google Earth. This isnt the first time hes done so; in 2005, he used the platform to identify an unexplored rainforest on Mozambiques Mount Mabu. To confirm the presence of this newest forest, Bayliss traveled to the base of Mount Lico and flew a drone to the top of it. Then, in May, Bayliss and a team of more than two-dozen scientists and other experts set out on an expedition to see what kinds of animals and plants lived in this island in the sky. Up they went, using ropes and quickly learned rock-climbing techniques to hoist themselves and their equipment up the 410-foot sheer cliffs. Bayliss was the first to reach the top. As he waited for the rest of his team, he looked around and was filled with an immense sense of wonder and excitement. The first thing that struck me was just how quiet the forest was, he told Mongabay. However, there were signs of many animal tracks in the undergrowth which was very exciting. The second thing that struck me was just how open the forest floor was which is

Guyana deforestation rate hits 7-year low, officials say "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

GEORGETOWN, Guyana Guyana recorded its lowest rate of deforestation last year since 2010, when the South American country established a national Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) program. According to Guyana Forestry Commission (GFC) data, released on Oct. 5, the deforestation rate in 2017 was 0.048 percent down from the 0.050 percent recorded in 2015-2016. Prior to 2010, Guyanas relatively low rate of deforestation was recorded in blocks of years rather than annually, so comparing rates over the past few decades is problematic. Still, the 2017 rate could be lowest going back several decades, said Pradeepa Bholanath, head of the GFCs planning and development division. It is very likely in our estimation that it [0.048 percent] is the lowest [deforestation rate] since we started assessments back in 1990, Bholanath told Mongabay. Guidelines published by the Norwegian government in 2012 give historic deforestation estimates in Guyana (calculated using archive imagery) fluctuating from 0.01 percent from 1990 to 2000, then up to 0.04 percent, before going back down to 0.02 percent from 2006-2009. Guyana began carrying out annual deforestation assessments in 2010 after signing a lucrative climate and forest agreement with Norway in 2009. Based on the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) framework, the program was designed to maintain Guyanas forests, which covers 87 percent of its land area. The mapping of Guyanas forest cover has changed over the past decade as the 30-meter (100-foot) resolution imaging capabilities of the Landsat-based satellite has been replaced by the 5-meter

The posterchild for entangled marine mammals around the globe: Q&A with author of Vaquita "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Earlier this year, Mongabay reported that there might be as few as 12 vaquita left in the world, down from 30 in 2017. The vaquita population has been driven to the brink of extinction by the illegal trade in swim bladders from a fish called totoaba, which are highly sought after by practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine, though they have no scientifically proven health benefits. Despite a ban that is currently in place, gillnets are used to catch totoaba in Mexicos Upper Gulf of California and they also ensnare vaquita, causing them to drown. Author Brooke Bessesen traveled to the Upper Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez), the vaquitas only known range, to speak with local townspeople, fishermen, scientists, and activists in order to tell the tale of the small porpoise whose future is very much in doubt. The result is her new book, Vaquita: Science, Politics, and Crime in the Sea of Cortez, released last month by Island Press. Mexico made a two-year ban on gillnets in the Upper Gulf permanent last year, but that has not reversed the drastic downward trend in the vaquita population as the criminal cartels who have taken over the totoaba swim bladder trade have altogether disregarded the ban. A last-ditch effort to capture all of the remaining vaquita and breed them in captivity was also launched last year, and Bessesen was there at the time which makes for a particularly dramatic point in the vaquitas story, as

Bolivian coca crops follow a planned highway through indigenous lands "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Matilde Noza says she has never chewed a coca leaf. Noza, an indigenous woman, lives in the Nueva Galilea community of the Isiboro Scure National Park and Indigenous Territory, better known by its Spanish acronym, TIPNIS. She respects the coca plant, she says, but its not part of the traditions of her community or others nearby, and she wants an end to its spread within the protected area. Farmers have for decades colonized the southern portion of the park, and today formally occupy about 1,240 square kilometers (480 square miles), much of it within a zone known as Polygon 7. The cultivation of coca, a key cash crop in Bolivia, is permitted within Polygon 7, but restricted to just 1,600 square meters (17,200 square feet) per farmer. However, on indigenous lands outside the colonized area of the TIPNIS, coca production is not allowed. Yet despite this prohibition, coca production has increased throughout the park. Illegal coca cultivation on indigenous lands in the TIPNIS spanned 33 hectares (82 acres) in 2017, up 10 percent from a year earlier, according to a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The report also found 1,109 hectares (2,740 acres) of coca crops inside Polygon 7 nearly three times the 400 hectares (990 acres) reported by Felipe Cceres, the deputy minister for social defense. Cceress office had previously been tasked by President Evo Morales, a prominent supporter of coca growers, or cocaleros, to evict settlers living near the Isiboro River.


Breaking: Appeal Court Quashes Manifestly Excessive Jail Sentences for Fracking Protest "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

by Ruth Hayhurst / Drill or Drop

Families of the three men outside the Court of Appeal after the quashing of the prison sentence, 17 October 2018. Photo: DrillOrDrop

Appeal court judges have quashed jail sentences against three men imprisoned for taking part in an anti fracking protest outside Cuadrillas shale gas site.

After a hearing this morning, the judges said the sentences were manifestly excessive.

The three men, who were appearing by video link from Preston Prison, raised their arms and cheered. People in the public gallery burst into song.

Three weeks ago, soil scientist Simon Roscoe Blevins, 26, and piano restorer Richard Roberts, 36, were jailed for 16 months. Teacher Rich Loizou, 31, was jailed for 15 months. They are thought to be the first campaigners to be sent to prison in the UK for taking part in an anti-fracking protest.

They had been convicted of public nuisance after a protest lasting a total of 99 hours outside Cuadrillas shale gas site near Blackpool. The protest, in July 2017, involved the men and another campaigner, climbing onto the cabs of lorries delivering to the site at Preston New Road.

The judges today quashed the jail sentences. They replaced them conditional discharges for two years to take account of the three weeks the men had spent in prison.

The Lord Chief Justice, Sir Ian Burnett, said:

We have concluded than an immediate custodial sentence in the case of these appellants was manifestly excessive.

In our judgement the appropriate sentence which should have been imposed on the 26th of September was a community order with a significant requirement of unpaid work....


Asteroid 2018 UA flew past Earth at 0.04 LD, 4th closest on record "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

A newly discovered asteroid designated 2018 UA flew past Earth at a very close distance of about 0.04 LD / 9.14e-5 AU (15 360 km / 9 544 miles) above Earth's surface. This is the closest known asteroid to flyby Earth since the start of the year and 4th closest...... Read more

Space debris impact: Iridium 70 satellite fuel tank crashes into central California "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

A large metal object fell from the sky near Hanford, California on October 11, 2018. The object crashed in a walnut orchard near 8th and Houston avenues in Kings County and was found October 13. The Iridium representative confirmed this week the object is a...... Read more

In other news: Environmental stories from around the web, October 19, 2018 "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Tropical forests Insect numbers plummet in Puerto Rico, alarming scientists (The Independent, Gizmodo, Nature, The Scientist). Cameroonian authorities have approved the countrys first combined marine-terrestrial national park (Rainforest Trust). The expansion of oil palm in Indonesia could be threatening subsistence farming for 150 million people, a new study has found (CIFOR Forests News). Two tropical countries, Ghana and Ecuador, are working together to develop their forestry sectors (Peace FM). Food giant Nestl says it will publish evidence of deforestation that it has gathered on its website (Swiss Info). A new report from Global Witness finds that logging, driven largely by demand from China, is wiping out forests on the Solomon Islands (Radio New Zealand). Given a choice between reducing emissions and halting deforestation, scientists agree that we need to do both (The Guardian). The Rakhine crisis in Myanmar leads the U.K. to pull funding from an effort to reform the countrys timber industry (Frontier Myanmar). Scientists could miss the warning signs of the extinction of some species because of the compounding effects of the wildlife trade and deforestation (Science Daily). A unique skin disease could be adding to the decline of giraffes in Africa (Business Daily Africa/The Conversation). Beef is off the menu on select flights by Virgin, in a test that the companys founder says could reduce its climate footprint (The Australian Financial Review). Investors are increasingly valuing zero deforestation (Brink). Agriculture giant Wilmar pledges to be deforestation-free by 2020 amid criticism (Eco-Business). Other news U.S. President Donald Trump


FIRE-EARTH Q&A Session 101902 "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

IN PROGRESS TIA  [September 24, Confidential 10] C&M02 [October 10, Confidential 6] Peacock 02 [October 14, Confidential 10] Nominated Groups: All Groups FIRE-EARTH Q&A Session 101902 Details available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS. Latest FIRE-EARTH DIRECTIVES, ALERTS, FORECASTS, BULLETINS and MESSAGES are available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.             Advertisements


WATCH: Who is Protecting our Forests? Doc Points Critical Eye at Forest Stewardship Council "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

ARTE.TV recently published a documentary titled Who is Protecting our Forests?  From ARTE.TV: The Forest Stewardship Council is the international organisation which sets standards on timber products to make sure that the worlds forests are managed responsibly. But does the organisation really protect the biodiversity of our forests? A documentary looking at the many grey []

The post WATCH: Who is Protecting our Forests? Doc Points Critical Eye at Forest Stewardship Council appeared first on STOPGETREES.ORG.


Landslide zone at Baku's Badamdar intensifies, Azerbaijan "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Landslide activity caused by heavy rain is intensifying at the Badamdar zone in the Sabail district of Baku, Azerbaijan. Heavy rains are expected to continue, raising the threat of further destabilization and loss of life and property. According to the results of...... Read more

Riverine flood alert along Trinidad's major rivers "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Although Trinidad and Tobago is currently under no tropical storm or hurricane threat, watch or warning, the country's meteorological service (TTMS) is warning communities located along major river courses and associated tributaries to prepare to safeguard life...... Read more

Large landslide hits construction site after heavy rain, Malaysia "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

At least 3 people have been killed and 12 others are missing after heavy rain caused large landslide in Penang State of northwest Malaysia early October 19, 2018. The slide took place at the construction zone of elevated bypass road from Bandar Baru Ayer Itam to...... Read more

Womens work in Senegalese conservation includes exorcising demons "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

This is the third story in Mongabays three-part profile of the Kawawana ICCA. Read the others: Senegal: After reviving fish and forests, Jola villages tackle new threats Watching the wildlife return: Q&A with a rural Senegalese river monitor   MANGAGOULACK, Senegal Women control a key aspect of the Kawawana ICCA, an indigenous conservation group in Senegals Casamance region: setting and enforcing the rules for oyster cultivation. Older women, who are highly respected for their knowledge of village tradition and the natural environment, have additional responsibilities. They protect the environment through an authority believed to be vested in them alone, according to ancient animist traditions. They also play a central role in mediating conflicts that arise with outsiders. The women have contributed to the success of the Kawawana ICCA, which covers eight ethnic Jola villages in the 97-square-kilometer (37-square-mile) Mangagoulack rural municipality. (The term ICCA denotes traditional lands conserved by indigenous and local community groups.) After being formalized in 2010, the group made huge strides in repopulating the local river with fish, reducing damaging levels of salinity in its waters, and halting deforestation. It did so largely by returning to traditional fishing and forestry practices. The 12,000 residents of Mangagoulack depend heavily on the Casamance River for sustenance. Women and mens roles are strictly divided, with no female fishermen, no male fishmongers, and very few men cultivating oysters. But both play an equal role in providing food for their families, selling goods, and growing rice and vegetables. Mariama Dieme, a


Widespread power outage hits Venezuela, hospitals becoming large-scale morgues "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Another widespread power outage took place in Venezuela on October 15 and 16, 2018. The outage affected the entire country and hospitals in 16 states, leaving at least 3 patients dead. At least 16 children have died at one hospital this year due to poor hygiene, and...... Read more


Dominions Proposed Charles Compressor Station Cancelled in Southern Maryland "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Proposed Charles Compressor for Cove Point LNG export terminal

Community Victorious; Dominion Wont Build Proposed Compressor Station

From an Article by lowkell, AMP Creeks Council, Blue Virginia, October 15, 2018

The AMP Creeks Council and greater Southern Maryland Community are Celebrating a Victory in a two-year fight against Dominion Energy Cove Points (DECP) efforts to build a giant fracked gas compressor station on 14 clear cut acres surrounded by fragile wetlands that often flood in the Accokeek/Bryans Road area.

Emily Architzel, an AMP Creeks Board member who recently moved from Bryans Road to Accokeek and is disabled said, Holy cow! Im breathing a giant fracked gas-free sigh of relief. The pollution from this compressor station would have driven my family out of the area because of the potential impacts to my health.

This morning Dominion released the following statement:

Dominion Energy will not construct a natural gas transmission compressor station at its Charles County Marshall Hall site. We will continue our existing operations at that site, which consist of a field office, a warehouse, and pipeline inspection and safety-related equipment.

We are actively evaluating alternatives for this component of our Eastern Market Access project. This requires the engagement of multiple stakeholders, as successful solutions must meet the needs of the projects customers. Discussions with customers are ongoing.

Dominions application to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) included a schedule announcing November 1, 2017 as the date they intended to begin construction of the Charles Station compressor station. If built, the Charles Station compressor station would increase capacity on the Dominion Cove Point pipeline, purportedly to send gas to a power plant that now seems unlikely to get built in Brandywine and to Washington Gas and Light.

None of the gas would go to the area in which Charles Station was proposed (Charles County, in spitting distance of the Prince Georges County line). Indeed, it is widely believed that Charles Station was intended to push gas to Dominions Cove Point export termi...


Second nature: an adventure into rewilding "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Second nature: an adventure into rewilding

brendan 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


Global carbon emissions to hit new record "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Global carbon emissions to hit new record

Jeanette Gill 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


The most toxic cities in the UK "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

The most toxic cities in the UK

brendan 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


Aid scaled back since the Brexit referendum "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Aid scaled back since the Brexit referendum

Mandy Kessell 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


New technology reduces harm to marine species "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

New technology reduces harm to marine species

brendan 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


When US senator Jim Inhofe called climate change a hoax "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

When US senator Jim Inhofe called climate change a hoax

Jeanette Gill 19th October 2018
Teaser Media


Tropical deforestation now emits more CO2 than the EU "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

To stay under 2 degrees Celsius of warming and thereby stave off the worst effects of climate change, more funding must be allocated to forest-focused global warming mitigation strategies. Thats the takeaway from a new analysis by Global Forest Watch (GFW) this month. The numbers suggest that forests, harnessed effectively, could be a powerful climate mitigation tool, but forests have long been overlooked as a climate change solution, said Nancy Harris, Research Manager for GFW. One consequence of this oversight, according to climate scientists, is that the contributions of deforestation and forest degradation to climate change have received less attention than fossil fuel emissions. Tree cover loss contributes to global carbon emissions because trees naturally capture and sequester atmospheric carbon as they grow. When the trees are consumed by forest fires or cleared and burned to make way for pastureland, carbon that took decades to store is released back into the atmosphere near-instantaneously. According to analysis by Global Forest Watch, tropical forest loss currently accounts for 8 percent of the worlds annual carbon dioxide emissions. In other words, if tropical deforestation were regarded as a country, it would be the third-biggest emitter globally ranking just below the U.S and significantly above the EU. And, according to GFW, forest-related emissions have gone up, not down, since the Paris Agreement. Between 2015 and 2017, forest-related emissions were 63 percent higher than the average for the previous 14 years, rising from 3 billion to 4.9 billion metric tons per year. This increase


Captured Dolphin Is Injured And Miserable But No One's Helping Her "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Niji already lost her home and her family but life is only getting worse.

Last week, Japanese fishermen chased Niji, a Rissos dolphin, and her seven family members out of the open ocean. The fishermen confused the dolphins by banging onto the metal hulls of their boats, which creates a wall of sound underwater. The dolphins struggled to escape, but were unsuccessful the fishermen ended up driving them into the notorious killing cove in Taiji, Japan, where their lives changed forever.

Credit: Sea Shepherd

Five adult dolphins were brutally slaughtered for their meat in front of each other, while two juveniles were dumped back at sea since they were too young to be killed or trained.

Credit: Sea Shepherd

As for Niji, she was taken into captivity, due to spend several weeks in a sea pen at the Dolphin Base in Taiji and trained to perform for audiences.

The adults were too old to train and the juveniles were too young to take into captivity, but Niji was probably just the right size and the right age, Nikki Botha, a volunteer for Sea Shepherd Cove Guardians, a group monitoring the dolphin drives in Taiji, told The Dodo. She looks like a prettier dolphin, if you can put it that way.

Credit: Sea Shepherd

But Niji hasnt been doing very well in her pen  shes refusing to eat any of the dead fish and squid offered to her, and the trainers appear to be using intubation equipment, likely...


Puppies Left In Dumpster Are So Happy When People Come To Save Them "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Last Friday, a man walked into the San Antonio Pets Alive! medical clinic and asked to surrender two skinny, 3-month-old puppies. Employees directed the man to a local no-kill shelter, and watched him leave with the dogs but he didnt get very far.

Four hours later, an employee at a nearby meat market opened his stores dumpster only to find the two puppies thrown away like trash. He reported the abandoned dogs directly to the clinic, and the kennel supervisor rushed over.

From the moment she opened the lid, it was clear how grateful the little dogs were to be finally safe.

Credit: San Antonio Pets Alive!

They immediately snuggled up to our kennel supervisor and were all tail wags when we offered them food and love, Kylie Brasher, the director of the medical clinic, told The Dodo. They were given baths due to being covered in fleas and we could tell that was a new experience for them they much preferred the food!

Up close, clinic workers could see just how severely neglected the puppies had been by their former owner.  

Credit: San Antonio Pets Alive!

Besides being malnourished, both puppies, who are now named Crockett and Bowie, tested positive for ringworm and other parasites. When they first arrived at the clinic, staffers observed Bowie doing his best to protect and care for his brother. Bowie would cover Crockett with his body to keep him warm, as well as sharing everything he had.

When Crockett wouldn't eat, Bowie was taking pieces of his kibble and laying them by his face, Brasher said. I've never seen a puppy do that!

Their bond is so heartwarming, Brasher added.

Another checkup revealed that Crockett was suffering from canine parvovirus,...


Major flash floods hit northern Tunisia again "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

At least 5 people have been killed and two are still missing after devastating flash floods hit parts of Tunisia on October 17 and 18, 2018. Parts of the country recorded more rain in just 24 hours than they usually receive during the entire month of October. The...... Read more

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Thursday, 18 October


Prayer Lodges Built on Route of Enbridge Line 3 "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

submitted by Anti Colonial Land Defense

Early October 18th, a crew of Indigenous & non-Indigenous comrades under the direction of Ojibwe elders built more waganogans on the Line 3 pipeline route, somewhere in northern Minnesota.
These are always intended as positive places to gather in prayer & feast, & positive resistance against racist resource extraction, whilst simultaneously practicing ancient cultural traditions that existed both BEFORE & after treaties were signed, but are also now supposed to be legally protected by treaties for Indigenous peoples of those treaty territories.
While racist resource extraction continues, continue to expect our resistance day and night.
Please help our resistance by doing solidarity actions wherever you are!
We arent just fighting a black snake, we are fighting cultural genocide!
We arent just fighting for one piece of land, we are fighting for the reclamation of all Indigenous lands, & the future of mother earth!
No Enbridge! No Line 3! No KXL! No MVP!
No Kinder Morgan! No ETP! No Bayou Bridge!
Donate to support Anti-colonial Land Defense here.


The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report: October 10 - 16, 2018 "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

New activity/unrest was reported for 8 volcanoes between October 10 and 16, 2018. During the same period, ongoing activity was reported for 12 volcanoes. New activity/unrest: Cuicocha, Ecuador | Gamalama, Halmahera (Indonesia) | Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion Island...... Read more

Vietnamese environmental blogger Mother Mushroom suddenly released from prison "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

HO CHI MINH CITY In a surprise move, the Vietnamese government released Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, the environmental blogger known as Mother Mushroom, from prison on Wednesday. Quynh, 39, was subsequently flown to Houston, along with her mother and two children. Quynh was arrested on October 10, 2016, and on June 29, 2017 she was sentenced to 10 years in prison for conducting propaganda against the state. It remains unclear why Quynh was released, though Secretary of Defense James Mattis was visiting Ho Chi Minh City at the time, leading to speculation that this was a goodwill gesture by the Vietnamese government. The State Department has yet to comment on the matter. According to AFP, upon arrival in Texas, Quynh said: I will continue to raise my voice until there is human rights in Vietnam, real human rights. She gained international attention following a 2016 disaster in which the Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation discharged huge amounts of chemicals from an under-construction steel plant on the north-central coast. Fish stocks were decimated throughout four provinces, wiping out the livelihoods of numerous fishermen and their families. The disaster is among the most controversial topics in Vietnam today, as public anger after the catastrophe quickly targeted the government. Quynhs writing about Formosa played a role in her arrest. Quynh hails from Nha Trang, a city on Vietnams south-central coast. She had originally been imprisoned there, but earlier this year was moved to another facility hundreds of miles away, separating her from

Audio: Racing to save the worlds amazing frogs with Jonathan Kolby "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

On this episode, we discuss the global outbreak of the chytrid fungus, which might have already driven as many as 200 species of frogs to extinction, but there have been some hopeful recent developments. Listen here:   Our guest is biologist and National Geographic Explorer Dr. Jonathan Kolby, who founded the Honduras Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Center, or HARCC for short, to study and rescue frogs affected by the chytrid fungus. Tree frogs in Cusuco National Park in Honduras, some of which are found nowhere else on Earth, are being decimated by the aquatic fungal pathogen. The chytrid outbreak is contributing to the sixth global mass extinction event currently underway. Kolby explains that the fungus had already spread worldwide before scientists even discovered its existence, and has already caused hundreds of amphibian species worldwide to become endangered or even extinct. In this Field Notes segment, Kolby plays for us some recordings of the frog species hes working to save from the deadly fungal infection in Honduras and says that there might be hope that frogs and other amphibians affected by chytrid can successfully cope with the disease. Heres this episodes top news: Top Madagascar shrimp co. moved millions among tax-haven shell companies Brazil scraps 11 new Amazon protected areas covering 2,316 square miles 8,100-square-mile indigenous reserve recognized in Brazilian Amazon Agreement bans commercial fishing across much of the Arctic, for now Mongabay now has a free news app for Android users available in the Google Play Store. The app makes

Politics and peace: The fate of Colombias forests (commentary) "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Juan Manuel Santos will be forever remembered as the president who ended one of the worlds longest armed conflicts, establishing a peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in 2016. But the same agreement which earned him international acclaim and the Nobel Peace Prize produced a wave of opposition in his home country. The esteemed global leader left office on August 7 with a domestic approval rating in the low 20s. While the peace accords have shaped his image at home and abroad, they do not represent his entire presidential legacy. In addition to lowering the domestic poverty, unemployment, and murder rates, Santos advanced the countrys environmental agenda during his two terms. This should not be undervalued. Still, deforestation in the post-conflict era has grown at an alarming rate. Rather than a policy solution, Santos environmental legacy should be viewed as an initial step in securing the fate of Colombias forests. Protecting Colombias natural heritage: A priority of the Santos Administration Colombias National Protected Area System (SINAP) experienced significant growth under Santos. Government sources report that over 44 million acres an area larger than the state of New York of national protected areas were established over eight years. Approximately 60 percent of these lands (17.5 million acres) gained national park status, which offers the greatest amount of protection for flora, fauna, and indigenous peoples. This is unprecedented by any standard. In comparison, Peru, another megadiversity country, created only 6 million acres of national parks in


Celebrating champions of food sovereignty "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

In mid October, the Food Sovereignty Prize was awarded to two organizations recognized for their commitment to food sovereignty or, the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

The domestic awardee was Black Mesa Water Coalition, and the international award went to Organizacin Boricu de Agricultura Ecolgica de Puerto Rico.

Both groups were celebrated at the tenth annual Food Sovereignty Prize ceremony, taking place on Lummi and Nooksack land in Coast Salish Territory, in the city now called Bellingham, Washington. The ceremony took place adjacent to the the IV National Membership Assembly of The U.S. Food Sovereignty Alliance (USFSA), a four-day long gathering comprised of plenaries, workshops and public rallies in support of working to end poverty, rebuilding local food economies and asserting democratic control over the food system. Pesticide Action Network is a founding member of the US Food Sovereignty Alliance.

Real solutions to food and climate crises

Black Mesa W...


Those who plant, cultivate and harvest our food "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Farmworker with fruit

The Farmworker Association of Florida (FWAF) has been building power with Floridas farmworkers for more than 25 years, and is led and governed by farmworkers in the communities in which it works. PAN Senior Scientist Margaret Reeves recently chatted with Jeannie Economos, FWAFs Pesticide Safety and Environmental Health Project Coordinator.

What is the origin story of FWAF?

The Farmworker Association of Florida started in 1983 in response to a huge freeze. Central Florida was dominated by citrusit was very rural with very few resources for farmworkers, who were suddenly out of work. Growers were compensated for the crop loss, but workers were not. The United Farm Workers helped workers self-organize for unemployment disaster compensation in Groveland.

Farmworker Association of Central Florida was thus formed by Tirso Moreno, an orange worker at the time, together with Sister Gail Grimes and three other nuns. In 1986 the Association was incorporated in nearby Apopka, changing its name to the Farmworker Association of Florida in 1992.

What are some of the programs FWAF is working on now that youre excited about?



FIRE-EARTH Q & A Session 101802 "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

IN PROGRESS TIA  [September 24, Confidential 10] C&M02 [October 10, Confidential 6] Peacock 02 [October 14, Confidential 10] Nominated Groups: All Groups FIRE-EARTH Q & A Session 101802 Details available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS. Latest FIRE-EARTH DIRECTIVES, ALERTS, FORECASTS, BULLETINS and MESSAGES are available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.        


Extreme rainfall, potentially deadly floods target Spain "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Extreme weather conditions are expected across the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands from October 18 - 21, 2018. The event follows devastating floods that claimed 13 lives in Mallorca and another 13 in neighboring France over the past couple of days. There...... Read more

Jair Bolsonaro: looming threat to the Amazon and global climate? "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Jair Bolsonaro launches his presidential candidacy, July 2018. Image by Fernando Frazo / Agncia Brasil. With little more than a week to go until a runoff election, far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro who has affirmed his intention to withdraw Brazil from the Paris Climate Agreement continues to be the rising political star in the worlds eighth biggest economy, and the nation that stands as guardian to a major portion of the Amazon, the globes largest remaining rainforest. Not only did Bolsonaro win 46 percent of the vote in the first electoral round on 7 October, compared to 29 percent for second place PT Party candidate Fernando Haddad, but Bolsonaros previously insignificant PSL Party rocketed from a single member elected in 2014, to 52 new federal deputies and four senators. Those ultra-right PSL representatives, combined with the members of the bancada ruralista (the agribusiness and mining lobby in Congress), are likely to give the new president sweeping support in the legislature. Bolsonaro received the most votes in 17 Brazilian states, including eight within Legal Amazonia, while Haddad won in nine states, eight in the northeast and just one in the Amazon (Par state). Analysts say that the odds of Haddad defeating Bolsonaro are remote. Since Brazils re-democratization in 1985, no presidential candidate has managed to win a second round after being left behind in the first. Polling projections last week put Bolsonaro ahead this week with 58 percent of the vote, a 16-point lead over Haddad. A new poll

Cambodia accuses Vietnam of complicity in illegal cross-border logging "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

HANOI Cambodia has asked Interpol to investigate Vietnam after accusing its neighbor of knowingly accepting fraudulent permits for rare, illegally logged rosewood timber for transport across their shared border. Siamese rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) is one of the most valuable species of tree in the world to timber criminals. A single cubic meter can sell for as much as $5,000 in Cambodia, although that amount goes up significantly once its smuggled into Vietnam or China. The potential illegal profits are tantalizing: a single, ornately carved bedpost has been known to sell for as much as $1 million in Shanghai. Even after Cambodia banned logging of the rare and protected tree in 2013, stocks of the species have been devastated across the border with Vietnam by an insatiable industry. In 2017, Cambodia submitted letters to the U.N.s Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which reveal how government officials requested Vietnam take action against the logging. Ty Sokhun, head of Cambodias CITES Management Authority, said in a letter to the U.N.s International Environment House in October 2017 that Vietnam continued to allow the entry into the country of rosewood, repeatedly referencing CITES permits, notwithstanding that they had been previously informed on several occasions of the illegality of those permits. Jago Wadley, senior forests campaigner with the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), said that although there were likely to have been errors on both sides, Vietnam appeared to be at fault on this occasion. Ultimately a state

In a first, DRC communities gain legal rights to forests "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Five communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and the more than 10,000 residents who call them home, now have legal control of the forests on which they depend. This month, government officials in DRCs Equateur province signed off on applications by communities to manage sections of the countrys forests, covering about 300 square kilometers (116 square miles). A forest official from Equateur province presents community forest documents to the residents of the village of Bosende, DRC. Image courtesy of RFUK. If community forestry in DRC is to succeed, it must be done by and for communities themselves, Julien Mathe, director of the NGO Group dAction pour Sauver lHomme et son Environnement (GASHE), said in a statement. We hope that the communities weve supported will serve as a model for others throughout the country. The concessions are the first to be granted to communities that are part of a pilot project by GASHE and the London-based Rainforest Foundation UK (RFUK), supported with funding from the U.K. Department for International Development. The aim is to leverage community forestry programs to both tackle poverty and safeguard the DRCs rainforests. Around half of the DRCs 81 million people rely on the countrys extensive forests totaling about 1 million square kilometers (386,000 square miles). Women in Equateur gather resources from the forest. Image courtesy of RFUK. Though the DRCs deforestation rates arent at the levels measured in Southeast Asia or the Amazon, recent research has shown that the need for more agricultural land

Real-time plantation map aims to throttle deforestation in Papua "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

JAKARTA The developers of a new interactive map hope to shine a light on deforestation in Indonesias easternmost region of Papua, where industrial-scale agriculture threatens one of the worlds last great expanses of untouched tropical forest. The Papua Atlas is developed by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), with financial assistance from Britains Department for International Development (DFID) and is scheduled for publication in 2019. While other platforms are already available that can track deforestation, including Global Forest Watch, the Papua Atlas is set to differentiate itself by tracking the actual progression of plantation areas and road developments. As a result, users will be able to see the number and extent of oil palm or pulpwood concessions or roads cut through the forest over time, says David Gaveau, a research associate with CIFOR whos developing the map with his colleague Mohammad Agus Salim. Combined with a function to search for concessions in various ways, such as by looking at the identity of a parent company of a concession holder, this makes the Papua Atlas a powerful tool to increase transparency in the plantation sector, Gaveau says. The Atlas links this land use and land cover change map that we derive based on satellite imagery with [a] land ownership map, Gaveau tells Mongabay. So one is able to query, not only at individual concessions, but also big groups [behind them]. Gaveua says the map was conceived to address the current lack of information on how concessions are being farmed


A Look at Fracking Through Words and Pictures @ Frostburg State Univ. "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Shale Play by Kasdorf and Rubin (2018)

Fracking Next Door Pennsylvania and West Virginia Continue To Drill

Frostburg State Universitys Center for Literary Arts will host a presentation featuring poet Julia Kasdorf and photographer Steven Rubin as a part of the 2018 Fall Reading Series. Come out on October 25th at 7:30 pm.

Maryland successfully adopted a ban on fracking in the 2017 General Assembly making it the first state to ban the controversial extraction technique where gas reserves are available. Neighbors to our north have not been so fortunate and remain an example of why Marylands legislators opted out.

Roughly 50 new wells were drilled in Pennsylvania every month last year, according to industry analyst Imre Kugler. But in April, a Pennsylvania appeals court issued a landmark ruling that redefined some fracking as trespassing. The fracking companys appeal was rejected in June, and the decision may set a precedent that could curb industry reach. Left unchecked, some experts believe more than 47,000 new fracking wells may be drilled in Pennsylvania by 2045.

These companies have no concern for the people and places they are using, Kasdorf says. We must protect our own people and places from the violence of this kind of exploitation and destruction. And we must devote our resources to developing sustainable energy sources rather than letting multinational corporations make our decisions for us.

DATE and TIME: Thursday, October 25th at 7:30 PM

LOCATION: Lewis J. Ort Library, Frostburg State University,
1 Stadium Drive, Frostburg, Maryland

Julia Kasdorf and Steven Rubin Reading from Shale Play

FSUs Center for Literary Arts Hosts Readings by Penn State Poet and Photographer, Thursday, October 25, 2018 at 7:30 PM.


Monsanto lobbyists 'led pro-glyphosate farmers campaign' "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Monsanto lobbyists 'led pro-glyphosate farmers campaign'

Mandy Kessell 18th October 2018
Teaser Media


PCB pollution threatens to wipe out killer whales "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

PCB pollution threatens to wipe out killer whales

brendan 18th October 2018
Teaser Media


The health innovation system is 'broken' "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

The health innovation system is 'broken'

brendan 18th October 2018
Teaser Media


Fracking democracy, criminalising dissent "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Fracking democracy, criminalising dissent

brendan 18th October 2018
Teaser Media


How David Henderson became an IPCC foe "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

How David Henderson became an IPCC foe

Jeanette Gill 18th October 2018
Teaser Media


Myanmar expands protected area for rare Irrawaddy dolphin "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

The Myanmar government has expanded a protected stretch of the Irrawaddy River as part of efforts to save the critically endangered dolphin species of the same name. The Irrawaddy Dolphin Protected Area, established in 2005 with an initial span of 74 kilometers (46 miles) of the river, has now been extended with a new 100-kilometer (62-mile) stretch running from the towns of Male to Shwegu, the U.S.-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) announced in a press release. The new stretch of protected area was based on consultations between Myanmars Department of Fisheries and WCS, and over 50 villages along the river, WCS said. The new protected area has several restrictions in place. Since entanglement in gillnets long nets hung vertically to catch fish is a common threat to the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris), the government has restricted the use and size of gillnets within the protected area. Destructive modes of fishing, such as electric fishing, in which fishermen try to shock or kill fish by submerging long metal prods and running a current, sometimes electrocuting dolphins in the process, is strictly prohibited, as is dynamite fishing. Other activities that damage dolphin habitat, such as gold mining or dredging, along the 100-kilometer stretch are also banned. An additional 100-kilometer stretch with milder restrictions has been designated as a buffer area, WCS said. Establishment of the new Ayeyawady Dolphin Protected Area demonstrates the significant commitment of the Myanmar Government to conserve this charismatic species of the Ayeyawady River, Saw Htun, WCSs deputy country


Paradise Lost: How China can help the Solomon Islands protect its forests "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

At first glance, the Solomon Islands looks like a tropical paradise with palm-fringed white sand beaches and pristine, biodiverse rainforests. Its advertised as being untouched or unspoiled. But look closer and the paradise isnt so idyllic. 

A Global Witness report, 'Paradise Lost: How China can help the Solomon Islands protect its forests' used detailed research, satellite imagery, drone photography and trade data, conclusively shows that tropical timber across the Solomon Islands is being harvested on an unsustainable scale, and that much of the activity driving this environmental destruction is at high risk of being illegal.

The report highlights that although China is taking serious steps to address environmental degradation and to reduce pollution and carbon emissions at home, the Chinese government is overlooking an important aspect of its ecological footprint: the raw materials that it sources from overseas.

China is the destination for about two-thirds of all tropical logs globally, many of which come from countries like the Solomon Islands that are struggling to address governance and rule of law issues.

As the most important actor in the global timber trade, if China continues to buy its wood with no questions asked, it risks undermining efforts by its trading partners to improve governance, prevent environmental degradation, and achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


Friday, 05 October


Methane From Oil and Gas is a Climate Crisis "IndyWatch Feed Enviro"

Climate Change: the complex issue that we just cant seem to figure out. Confusion around the causes and effects of climate change make it easy for the oil and gas industry, its scientists for hire, and scheming politicians to muddy the issue.

Industry touted natural gas as a bridge fuel on the path to cleaner, more sustainable fuel sources, but climate change has accelerated beyond what most climate science predicted. Until recently, climate science focused on carbon dioxide (CO2). It wasnt until 2011 that the first peer-reviewed study was published looking at the climate impacts of methane from fracking-related (oil and gas) development. When this study was released, it warned that fracked gas was not a suitable bridge fuel, we were well into the fracking boom that started in 2006.

TAKE ACTION: Tell Trumps EPA not to gut methane safeguards.

Most people are still not fully aware of the fracked gas threat. When the media does write about fracked gas, they often use outdated information about its potential to warm the planet compared to CO2, declaring that the methane released by fracking is only 30 times as powerful a greenhouse gas over 100 years.

Heres the breaking news: According to Scientific American, Methane warms the planet on steroids for a decade or two before decaying to CO2Short-lived climate pollutants [like methane] that we emit from human activities [mainly oil and gas production] are basically controlling how fast the warming occurs.

So harmful is methane that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) determined that it is 86 times more potent than CO2 over a 20 year period. We now know methane is actually more like 100 times more potent than CO2 over two decades.

As we say in Texas, its time to f...

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