|IndyWatch Environment News Feed Archiver|
IndyWatch Environment News Feed was generated at World News IndyWatch.
Niji already lost her home and her family but life is only
Last week, Japanese fishermen chased Niji, a Rissos dolphin, and her seven family members out of the open ocean. The fishermen confused the dolphins by banging onto the metal hulls of their boats, which creates a wall of sound underwater. The dolphins struggled to escape, but were unsuccessful the fishermen ended up driving them into the notorious killing cove in Taiji, Japan, where their lives changed forever.
Credit: Sea ShepherdFive adult dolphins were brutally slaughtered for their meat in front of each other, while two juveniles were dumped back at sea since they were too young to be killed or trained.
Credit: Sea ShepherdAs for Niji, she was taken into captivity, due to spend several weeks in a sea pen at the Dolphin Base in Taiji and trained to perform for audiences.
Credit: Sea ShepherdBut Niji hasnt been doing very well in her pen shes refusing to eat any of the dead fish and squid offered to her, and the trainers appear to be using intubation equipment, likely...
Last Friday, a man walked into the San Antonio Pets Alive!
medical clinic and asked to surrender two skinny, 3-month-old
puppies. Employees directed the man to a local no-kill shelter, and
watched him leave with the dogs but he didnt get very far.
Four hours later, an employee at a nearby meat market opened his stores dumpster only to find the two puppies thrown away like trash. He reported the abandoned dogs directly to the clinic, and the kennel supervisor rushed over.
From the moment she opened the lid, it was clear how grateful the little dogs were to be finally safe.
Credit: San Antonio Pets Alive!They immediately snuggled up to our kennel supervisor and were all tail wags when we offered them food and love, Kylie Brasher, the director of the medical clinic, told The Dodo. They were given baths due to being covered in fleas and we could tell that was a new experience for them they much preferred the food!
Credit: San Antonio Pets Alive!Besides being malnourished, both puppies, who are now named Crockett and Bowie, tested tested positive for ringworm and other parasites. When they first arrived at the clinic, staffers observed Bowie doing his best to protect and care for his brother. Bowie would cover Crockett with his body to keep him warm, as well as sharing everything he had.
At least 5 people have been killed and two are still missing after devastating flash floods hit parts of Tunisia on October 17 and 18, 2018. Parts of the country recorded more rain in just 24 hours than they usually receive during the entire month of October. The...... Read more
submitted by Anti Colonial Land Defense
New activity/unrest was reported for 8 volcanoes between October 10 and 16, 2018. During the same period, ongoing activity was reported for 12 volcanoes. New activity/unrest: Cuicocha, Ecuador | Gamalama, Halmahera (Indonesia) | Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion Island...... Read more
HO CHI MINH CITY In a surprise move, the Vietnamese government released Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, the environmental blogger known as Mother Mushroom, from prison on Wednesday. Quynh, 39, was subsequently flown to Houston, along with her mother and two children. Quynh was arrested on October 10, 2016, and on June 29, 2017 she was sentenced to 10 years in prison for conducting propaganda against the state. It remains unclear why Quynh was released, though Secretary of Defense James Mattis was visiting Ho Chi Minh City at the time, leading to speculation that this was a goodwill gesture by the Vietnamese government. The State Department has yet to comment on the matter. According to AFP, upon arrival in Texas, Quynh said: I will continue to raise my voice until there is human rights in Vietnam, real human rights. She gained international attention following a 2016 disaster in which the Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation discharged huge amounts of chemicals from an under-construction steel plant on the north-central coast. Fish stocks were decimated throughout four provinces, wiping out the livelihoods of numerous fishermen and their families. The disaster is among the most controversial topics in Vietnam today, as public anger after the catastrophe quickly targeted the government. Quynhs writing about Formosa played a role in her arrest. Quynh hails from Nha Trang, a city on Vietnams south-central coast. She had originally been imprisoned there, but earlier this year was moved to another facility hundreds of miles away, separating her from
On this episode, we discuss the global outbreak of the chytrid fungus, which might have already driven as many as 200 species of frogs to extinction, but there have been some hopeful recent developments. Listen here: Our guest is biologist and National Geographic Explorer Dr. Jonathan Kolby, who founded the Honduras Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Center, or HARCC for short, to study and rescue frogs affected by the chytrid fungus. Tree frogs in Cusuco National Park in Honduras, some of which are found nowhere else on Earth, are being decimated by the aquatic fungal pathogen. The chytrid outbreak is contributing to the sixth global mass extinction event currently underway. Kolby explains that the fungus had already spread worldwide before scientists even discovered its existence, and has already caused hundreds of amphibian species worldwide to become endangered or even extinct. In this Field Notes segment, Kolby plays for us some recordings of the frog species hes working to save from the deadly fungal infection in Honduras and says that there might be hope that frogs and other amphibians affected by chytrid can successfully cope with the disease. Heres this episodes top news: Top Madagascar shrimp co. moved millions among tax-haven shell companies Brazil scraps 11 new Amazon protected areas covering 2,316 square miles 8,100-square-mile indigenous reserve recognized in Brazilian Amazon Agreement bans commercial fishing across much of the Arctic, for now Mongabay now has a free news app for Android users available in the Google Play Store. The app makes
Juan Manuel Santos will be forever remembered as the president who ended one of the worlds longest armed conflicts, establishing a peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in 2016. But the same agreement which earned him international acclaim and the Nobel Peace Prize produced a wave of opposition in his home country. The esteemed global leader left office on August 7 with a domestic approval rating in the low 20s. While the peace accords have shaped his image at home and abroad, they do not represent his entire presidential legacy. In addition to lowering the domestic poverty, unemployment, and murder rates, Santos advanced the countrys environmental agenda during his two terms. This should not be undervalued. Still, deforestation in the post-conflict era has grown at an alarming rate. Rather than a policy solution, Santos environmental legacy should be viewed as an initial step in securing the fate of Colombias forests. Protecting Colombias natural heritage: A priority of the Santos Administration Colombias National Protected Area System (SINAP) experienced significant growth under Santos. Government sources report that over 44 million acres an area larger than the state of New York of national protected areas were established over eight years. Approximately 60 percent of these lands (17.5 million acres) gained national park status, which offers the greatest amount of protection for flora, fauna, and indigenous peoples. This is unprecedented by any standard. In comparison, Peru, another megadiversity country, created only 6 million acres of national parks in
IN PROGRESS TIA [September 24, Confidential 10] C&M02 [October 10, Confidential 6] Peacock 02 [October 14, Confidential 10] Nominated Groups: All Groups FIRE-EARTH Q & A Session 101802 Details available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS. Latest FIRE-EARTH DIRECTIVES, ALERTS, FORECASTS, BULLETINS and MESSAGES are available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS. Advertisements
Extreme weather conditions are expected across the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands from October 18 - 21, 2018. The event follows devastating floods that claimed 13 lives in Mallorca and another 13 in neighboring France over the past couple of days. There...... Read more
Jair Bolsonaro launches his presidential candidacy, July 2018. Image by Fernando Frazo / Agncia Brasil. With little more than a week to go until a runoff election, far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro who has affirmed his intention to withdraw Brazil from the Paris Climate Agreement continues to be the rising political star in the worlds eighth biggest economy, and the nation that stands as guardian to a major portion of the Amazon, the globes largest remaining rainforest. Not only did Bolsonaro win 46 percent of the vote in the first electoral round on 7 October, compared to 29 percent for second place PT Party candidate Fernando Haddad, but Bolsonaros previously insignificant PSL Party rocketed from a single member elected in 2014, to 52 new federal deputies and four senators. Those ultra-right PSL representatives, combined with the members of the bancada ruralista (the agribusiness and mining lobby in Congress), are likely to give the new president sweeping support in the legislature. Bolsonaro received the most votes in 17 Brazilian states, including eight within Legal Amazonia, while Haddad won in nine states, eight in the northeast and just one in the Amazon (Par state). Analysts say that the odds of Haddad defeating Bolsonaro are remote. Since Brazils re-democratization in 1985, no presidential candidate has managed to win a second round after being left behind in the first. Polling projections last week put Bolsonaro ahead this week with 58 percent of the vote, a 16-point lead over Haddad. A new poll
HANOI Cambodia has asked Interpol to investigate Vietnam after accusing its neighbor of knowingly accepting fraudulent permits for rare, illegally logged rosewood timber for transport across their shared border. Siamese rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) is one of the most valuable species of tree in the world to timber criminals. A single cubic meter can sell for as much as $5,000 in Cambodia, although that amount goes up significantly once its smuggled into Vietnam or China. The potential illegal profits are tantalizing: a single, ornately carved bedpost has been known to sell for as much as $1 million in Shanghai. Even after Cambodia banned logging of the rare and protected tree in 2013, stocks of the species have been devastated across the border with Vietnam by an insatiable industry. In 2017, Cambodia submitted letters to the U.N.s Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which reveal how government officials requested Vietnam take action against the logging. Ty Sokhun, head of Cambodias CITES Management Authority, said in a letter to the U.N.s International Environment House in October 2017 that Vietnam continued to allow the entry into the country of rosewood, repeatedly referencing CITES permits, notwithstanding that they had been previously informed on several occasions of the illegality of those permits. Jago Wadley, senior forests campaigner with the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), said that although there were likely to have been errors on both sides, Vietnam appeared to be at fault on this occasion. Ultimately a state
Five communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and the more than 10,000 residents who call them home, now have legal control of the forests on which they depend. This month, government officials in DRCs Equateur province signed off on applications by communities to manage sections of the countrys forests, covering about 300 square kilometers (116 square miles). A forest official from Equateur province presents community forest documents to the residents of the village of Bosende, DRC. Image courtesy of RFUK. If community forestry in DRC is to succeed, it must be done by and for communities themselves, Julien Mathe, director of the NGO Group dAction pour Sauver lHomme et son Environnement (GASHE), said in a statement. We hope that the communities weve supported will serve as a model for others throughout the country. The concessions are the first to be granted to communities that are part of a pilot project by GASHE and the London-based Rainforest Foundation UK (RFUK), supported with funding from the U.K. Department for International Development. The aim is to leverage community forestry programs to both tackle poverty and safeguard the DRCs rainforests. Around half of the DRCs 81 million people rely on the countrys extensive forests totaling about 1 million square kilometers (386,000 square miles). Women in Equateur gather resources from the forest. Image courtesy of RFUK. Though the DRCs deforestation rates arent at the levels measured in Southeast Asia or the Amazon, recent research has shown that the need for more agricultural land
JAKARTA The developers of a new interactive map hope to shine a light on deforestation in Indonesias easternmost region of Papua, where industrial-scale agriculture threatens one of the worlds last great expanses of untouched tropical forest. The Papua Atlas is developed by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), with financial assistance from Britains Department for International Development (DFID) and is scheduled for publication in 2019. While other platforms are already available that can track deforestation, including Global Forest Watch, the Papua Atlas is set to differentiate itself by tracking the actual progression of plantation areas and road developments. As a result, users will be able to see the number and extent of oil palm or pulpwood concessions or roads cut through the forest over time, says David Gaveau, a research associate with CIFOR whos developing the map with his colleague Mohammad Agus Salim. Combined with a function to search for concessions in various ways, such as by looking at the identity of a parent company of a concession holder, this makes the Papua Atlas a powerful tool to increase transparency in the plantation sector, Gaveau says. The Atlas links this land use and land cover change map that we derive based on satellite imagery with [a] land ownership map, Gaveau tells Mongabay. So one is able to query, not only at individual concessions, but also big groups [behind them]. Gaveua says the map was conceived to address the current lack of information on how concessions are being farmed
Frostburg State Universitys Center for Literary Arts will host a presentation featuring poet Julia Kasdorf and photographer Steven Rubin as a part of the 2018 Fall Reading Series. Come out on October 25th at 7:30 pm.
Maryland successfully adopted a ban on fracking in the 2017 General Assembly making it the first state to ban the controversial extraction technique where gas reserves are available. Neighbors to our north have not been so fortunate and remain an example of why Marylands legislators opted out.
Roughly 50 new wells were drilled in Pennsylvania every month last year, according to industry analyst Imre Kugler. But in April, a Pennsylvania appeals court issued a landmark ruling that redefined some fracking as trespassing. The fracking companys appeal was rejected in June, and the decision may set a precedent that could curb industry reach. Left unchecked, some experts believe more than 47,000 new fracking wells may be drilled in Pennsylvania by 2045.
These companies have no concern for the people and places they are using, Kasdorf says. We must protect our own people and places from the violence of this kind of exploitation and destruction. And we must devote our resources to developing sustainable energy sources rather than letting multinational corporations make our decisions for us.
DATE and TIME: Thursday, October 25th at 7:30 PM
LOCATION: Lewis J. Ort Library, Frostburg State University,
1 Stadium Drive, Frostburg, Maryland
Julia Kasdorf and Steven Rubin Reading from Shale Play
FSUs Center for Literary Arts Hosts Readings by Penn State Poet and Photographer, Thursday, October 25, 2018 at 7:30 PM.
Monsanto lobbyists 'led pro-glyphosate farmers campaign'
The Myanmar government has expanded a protected stretch of the Irrawaddy River as part of efforts to save the critically endangered dolphin species of the same name. The Irrawaddy Dolphin Protected Area, established in 2005 with an initial span of 74 kilometers (46 miles) of the river, has now been extended with a new 100-kilometer (62-mile) stretch running from the towns of Male to Shwegu, the U.S.-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) announced in a press release. The new stretch of protected area was based on consultations between Myanmars Department of Fisheries and WCS, and over 50 villages along the river, WCS said. The new protected area has several restrictions in place. Since entanglement in gillnets long nets hung vertically to catch fish is a common threat to the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris), the government has restricted the use and size of gillnets within the protected area. Destructive modes of fishing, such as electric fishing, in which fishermen try to shock or kill fish by submerging long metal prods and running a current, sometimes electrocuting dolphins in the process, is strictly prohibited, as is dynamite fishing. Other activities that damage dolphin habitat, such as gold mining or dredging, along the 100-kilometer stretch are also banned. An additional 100-kilometer stretch with milder restrictions has been designated as a buffer area, WCS said. Establishment of the new Ayeyawady Dolphin Protected Area demonstrates the significant commitment of the Myanmar Government to conserve this charismatic species of the Ayeyawady River, Saw Htun, WCSs deputy country
A man named Dan and his wife were out walking around the
neighborhood they had just moved into one afternoon when an orange
cat suddenly came wandering up to them. He was incredibly friendly,
and approached the couple without any fear or hesitation. At that
point, they had no idea whose cat he was or where he had come from,
and had no way of knowing just how often they would end up seeing
him in the years to come.
He demanded our attention and didnt want us to leave until he was finished cheek-marking and receiving well-deserved pets, Dan, who asked that his last name not be included, told The Dodo. He was clearly well cared for and just the friendliest, sweetest cat you could meet.
Credit: DanThe couple soon learned that the cats name was Bosco, and he belonged to a family who lived in the neighborhood. Since Bosco was so social and curious, his family had installed a cat door for him so he could go out and greet all of his neighbors whenever he felt like it.
Credit: DanOn days that the weather is nice, I see him every morning, Dan said. I also walk home on my lunch break and will typically see him resting on his neighbors front porch. If I call his name, he wakes up and comes to see me immediately. Then on my way home sometimes hes out there waiting in the flower garden.
Credit: DanEvery time Dan passes by Boscos house, Bosco immediately com...
Crime may not pay but in this recent case involving an adorably
delinquent pig, it did cost one California law enforcement
officer her lunch.
On Sunday, the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department received a call alerting them to the curly-tailed culprit. The pig, described as being "the size of a mini horse," had evidently escaped from home and was now trotting through a neighborhood like he owned the place.
The two responding deputies were easily able to track down the runaway animal, but gaining his compliance took more than a little convincing.
Credit: San Bernardino County Sheriff's DepartmentFortunately, the deputies had prior experience with the pig and already knew where he lives, so it was just a matter of escorting him back home. However, that was easier said than done.
Credit: San Bernardino County Sheriff's DepartmentFrom there, getting the pig home to his rightful place was simple.
A man in Maryland was enjoying the crisp fall weather on his
deck when he realized he was being watched.
"I was working on the deck and turned around and saw mama bear and her two cubs on the lawn looking at me," Paul Morris told The Dodo. "By the time I got my phone out of my pocket to video they were running away."
Credit: Paul MorrisFrom that vantage point, as the bear family fled toward the woods, Morris' surprising brush with native wildlife took a bit of an odd turn when he noticed something strange on the head of the second little cub, struggling to keep up with his family.
Credit: Paul MorrisThankfully, Morris knew that there were people who could be trusted to handle such cases; he contacted the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (MDNR), and people at the agency took on the job of tracking the cub.
Credit: MDNRWildlife professionals didn't know, though, that it would be three whole days until they would be able to find him and his family.
Stormy is the perfect
family dog. Hes good with kids, hes good with dogs, hes good
with cats. Hes gentle and affectionate and playful. But when his
family had a fifth baby, they decided he didnt belong anymore.
He spent all of his life with a family with four children, two [other] dogs one small, one big and a cat, Alana Guerrini, a volunteer and foster carer for Eleventh Hour Rescue, told The Dodo. Then the woman got pregnant and had her fifth baby, and decided that he was too much.
Credit: Facebook/Julie CarnerStormy, who used to be called Freshy, ended up at a busy Brooklyn shelter.
Credit: Facebook/Julie CarnerLuckily for Stormy, Guerrini spotted his profile and hurried to get him out but it was a close call, she said.
Credit: Alana GuerriniLast Thursday, Guerrini and her 16-year-old son picked up Stormy and drove him to their home in New Jersey, where Stormy will be...
A bright fireball streaked through the night sky over Argentina on October 15, 2018, illuminating both sky and ground. Another meteor was recorded over South America on October 16. This time over Ceara in Brazil. Residents of Argentina's southern cities of...... Read more
The loss of the Amazon rainforest would be a catastrophe for Brazil and for the world. Its destruction would significantly increase the countrys carbon emissions and further destabilize the global climate. Photo credit: lubasi on Visualhunt / CC BY-SA It was almost too good to be true. In the late 20th and early 21st century, Brazils Amazon forest was disappearing at a rapid rate (27,772 square kilometers or 10,723 square miles per year in 2004), making the country the worldwide leader in deforestation and a major emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG). Then, starting in 2005, annual deforestation rates began to decrease at a breathtaking speed, dropping to 4,575 square kilometers (1,766 square miles) in 2012, a historical low, and a fall of more than 83 percent in just eight years. This caused the countrys carbon emissions due to land use change to fall sharply, by 63 percent from 2005 to 2012. Building on these successes, the Brazilian government pledged an ambitious reduction of its GHG emissions 37 percent by 2025, and 43 percent by 2030, below 2005 levels a promise made at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December, 2015. There are several plausible causes behind the sudden decrease in deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon, including the expansion of protected areas and indigenous lands, better enforcement of existing environmental legislation, interventions in supply chains and credit restrictions, and fines and embargoes of illegal deforesters. While praised by many inside and outside the government,
IN PROGRESS TIA [September 24, Confidential 10] C&M02 [October 10, Confidential 6] Peacock 02 [October 14, Confidential 10] Nominated Groups: All Groups Complicity In US-Saudi War Crimes The Americans, Arabs, Britons and all other war-enabler nations are hereby declared guilty of complicity in genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, as being perpetrated in Yemen 
How India favored the kshatriya feudalism to market-based economies of vaishyas In Hindi, the word bazaru is an insult. Translated as of the market, it does not sound so bad. Translated as peddler, it captures the derision of feudal society for the market. Feudal societies are typically agrarian and land (kshetra) based and so controlled 
At least 45 people have been killed in Niger since June 2018 when the region entered its rainy season. Nearly 209 000 have been affected. The numbers were made public by the United Nations on October 16, and are much higher than those of the government. The rains...... Read more
Panic is spreading among people in Marrikunta Thanda of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh after flames started erupting from newly formed earth cracks on October 13, 2018. Cracks in the ground were seen up to a depth of about 200 m (656 feet), a local news portal...... Read more
JAKARTA A new decree from Indonesian authorities drops five bird species from a newly expanded list of protected wildlife, and potentially sets the stage for more to follow by widening the scope under which protected status can be rescinded. The capture and trade of the white-rumped shama (Kittacincla malabarica), Javan pied starling (Gracupica jalla), straw-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus), Sangihe shrikethrush (Colluricincla sanghirensis) and little shrikethrush (Colluricincla megarhyncha) will remain illegal without a government permit, but the lack of protected status means violators wont face the jail time or hefty fines prescribed in the 1990 Conservation Act. Four of the birds were among hundreds of species added to the ministrys list of protected species this past June. The fifth bird, the little shrikethrush, was on the original list published in 1999. All five have now been removed from the list following the publication on Sept. 5 of a decree from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The little shrikethrush. Image courtesy of Dominic Sherony/Wikimedia Commons. The capture of wild birds is to be regulated through a government permit-and-quota system that is supposed to consider recommendations from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), a state-funded think tank. Mohammad Irham, a senior ornithologist at LIPI, said his institution would reject requests to capture any of the five now-unprotected species from the wild. He criticized the rescinding of their protected status, saying it would hasten their decline in the wild. Our decision is based on scientific data, papers and surveys on the populations of these
A team of scientists has produced the most comprehensive assessment to date of trawling, a fishing technique that produces a sizable portion of the worlds seafood but is also seen as destructive and indiscriminate. The research tracked the movements of trawlers in 24 regions of the world, identifying the extent and intensity of their impacts the industrys footprint along continental shelves down to depths of 1,000 meters (3,280 feet). This is the first study that tried to map the impact of trawling at this global scale, Ricardo Amoroso, a biologist at the University of Washington, said in an interview. A beam trawler sits at the dock in Milford Haven, Wales, United Kingdom. Image by Jan Hiddink/Bangor University. Amoroso and his colleagues collected data from satellite-linked vessel monitoring systems, or VMSes, and logbooks from the past two to six years. They found that trawlers fished 14 percent of the ocean in the areas they studied, leaving 86 percent untouched by trawling. They published their work Oct. 3 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The figures quoted in the study raised concerns for University of British Columbia marine biologist Amanda Vincent, who was not involved in the study. It strikes me as an extraordinary apology for a fishing method that is really devastating, Vincent told Mongabay. I would be very concerned if this became a basis for policy decisions. An illustration showing how bottom-trawling works. A net is pulled along the oceans shelves and slopes. Image
A photoessay about indigenous communities in the Chaco region of Paraguay, and their existence in a landscape under threat by agribusiness and international trade policies. By Fernando Franceschelli and Ines Franceschelli, Global Forest Coalition Oct. 16 was World... Read More
Eruption of fire from cracks in earth causes panic in Kurnool Fire erupted from cracks in the earth at Marrikunta Thanda, a hilly area in Owk mandal of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India on Saturday. October 13th. Kurnool: Panic spread among people in Marrikunta Thanda, a hilly area in Owk mandal of Kurnool district on 
Censorship recognizes the clear and present danger truths can have in exposing totalitarian control and its agenda. ~~~~~~~~~ Witnessing courage after the fact is one thing, but to experience it firsthand leaves an indelible mark upon our psyche, neither are ever fully erased from our memories. ~~~~~~~~~ IDK but if politicians would spend more time 
Land grabbing is now considered a crime against humanity, but few land grabbers end up in jail. Instead, if you search the specialised website farmlandgrab.org for news about law suits, court proceedings, convictions or imprisonment related to land deals, what you will largely find are reports of local communities being accused of wrongdoing for defending their own territories against powerful companies! Yet the links between crime, corruption and those engaging in agricultural land deals are real.
The end of August traditionally marks the end of the melt season for the Greenland ice sheet as it shifts from mostly melting to mostly gaining snow.
As usual, this is the time when the scientists at DMI and our partners in the Polar Portal assess the state of the ice sheet after a year of snowfall and ice melt. Using daily output from a weather forecasting model combined with a model that calculates melt of snow and ice, we calculate the surface mass budget (SMB) of the ice sheet.
This budget takes into account the balance between snow that is added to the ice sheet and melting snow and glacier ice that runs off into the ocean. The ice sheet also loses ice by the breaking off, or calving, of icebergs from its edge, but that is not included in this type of budget. As a result, the SMB will always be positive that is, the ice sheet gains more snow than the ice it loses.
For this year, we calculated a total SMB of 517bn tonnes, which is almost 150bn tonnes above the average for 1981-2010, ranking just behind the 2016-17 season as sixth highest on record.
By contrast, the lowest SMB in the record was 2011-2012 with just 38bn tonnes, which shows how variable SMB can be from one year to another.
We must wait for data from the GRACE-Follow On (GRACE-FO) satellite mission before we know how the total mass budget has fared this year which includes calving and melting at the base of the ice sheet. However, it is likely that the relatively high end of season SMB will mean a zero or close-to-zero total mass budget this year, as last year.
The period 2003-2011 has seen ice sheet losses on Greenland averaging 234bn tonnes each year. The neutral mass change in the last two years does not and cannot begin to compensate for these losses. The comparison here does show that in any given year, the mass budget of the ice sheet is highly dependent on regional climate variability and specific weather patterns.
Although this year has seen similarly high SMB values to...
Central Texas received extreme rainfall over the past couple of days leading to major floods that claimed a life of at least one person and forced authorities to declare a state of emergency for 18. Texas governor urged "all Texans to take their safety into...... Read more
From an Article by Jamison Cocklin, Natural Gas Intelligence, October 15, 2018
Houston-based Primus Green Energy Inc. is finally moving forward with plans to develop a small-scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) facility in West Virginia after partnering with an international engineering, procurement and construction firm to improve the projects economics.
The facility, which is planned to be at the site of Covestro AGs chemical production facility in New Martinsville, was initially slated to begin operations in 4Q2017. Service was later delayed until 2018, but Primus said this month operations would now start in 2020, thanks partly to a partnership with Jereh Oil and Gas Engineering Corp.
Primus has long envisioned development of a methanol plant in the Marcellus region, but it is our relationship with Jereh and other strategic partners that has resulted in substantially improved economics and will allow us to move the project forward, said Primus CEO Steven Murray. With gas supply and methanol offtake agreements from an integrated oil and gas company, assistance from Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp. to arrange project debt financing, and design work by Koch Modular Process Systems, the project economics are very strong.
Similar small-scale GTL facilities, which have smaller and more efficient equipment, have been announced for the Appalachian Basin, but none have entered service. The modular plants are said to be deployed more easily, making them a cost-effective alternative to larger refinery-sized plants.
Primus said the modular units would be fabricated off site by Jereh and Koch Modular, then be transported to the project location for final assembly. The company has developed a technology for converting various feedstocks, including wellhead and pipeline natural gas, natural gas liquids and synthesis gas, into methanol, gasoline and diluent.
The facility would produce about 160 metric tons (mt) a day of methanol, using as little as 6 MMcf/d of feed gas. The technology has been tested at a scale plant in Hillsborough, NJ.
The facility would be the second of its kind to enter operations if it start...
Wolves, rivers, systems thinking and trophic cascades
Make manufacturers accountable for packaging waste
Jacqueline Panzo and her boyfriend were walking to the local
pharmacy to pick up some cold medicine when they spotted a black
plastic bag sitting near the sidewalk. Panzo quickly realized there
was some sort of cage peeking out of the bag, so she went over to
found a hamster curled up inside, cold, sick and
Credit: Jacqueline PanzoThe door to the cage had been left open, meaning whoever had left the hamster there had intentionally abandoned him, even though there was no way he would be able to survive on his own.
Credit: Jacqueline PanzoThe hamster, later named Hamtaro, was a little apprehensive of Panzo at first, but after a short while he let her pick him up, and she and her boyfriend rushed him and his cage back to her place. On their way home, Panzo called her sister and had her pick up some supplies for Hamtaro, so they could make him happy and comfortable as quickly as possible.
Credit: Jacqueline PanzoOnce Hamtaro was safe and sound in his new home, Panzo and her boyfriend brought him into the bathroom and checked him over to make sure he was doing OK after his ordeal. He had a large patch of fur missing on his lower back, but other than that, he seemed to be in pretty good shape. As she was looking him over, Panzo was st...
Cade Chesnut had just gotten home and was heading inside this
past December when he noticed a lizard lying on the ground, very
still and clearly injured. It was cold outside and he knew that in
her condition, the little lizard likely wouldnt last through the
night. Chesnut was already familiar with
caring for reptiles, and immediately decided that he had to
I thought she was dead at first but I picked her up and she moved a little bit, so I took her inside and set her up in an enclosure with a spare 10-gallon tank I had, Chesnut told The Dodo. She was very cold because it was around December, so I put a heating lamp right above her.
Credit: Cade ChesnutOnce the lizard, later named Stevie, had gotten a chance to warm herself up a bit, Chesnut took her out of her enclosure to determine the extent of her injuries. She had a handful of minor injuries all over her body, but Chesnuts main concern was her eyes. Stevies eyes were sealed shut and she was unable to open them at all, leaving her completely blind. Chesnut had no idea if her eyes would stay that way permanently, but knew that regardless, he would be there to help her through.
Credit: Cade ChesnutSince Stevie was completely blind, Chesnut was worried that she would struggle to eat, as she couldnt see any food being offered to her, and she was already stressed out from being injured and in a new environment. In order to make sure she was getting the food she needed, Chesnut started hand-feeding Stevie every day. At first, she didnt understand what was happening, but as soon as she realized that Chesnut was trying to help her she became much more relaxed and easygoing, and started recognizing the signs from her new dad that meant it was time to eat.
Sumatran tigers are the rarest in the world it's believed that
individuals exist today and one little family was just entirely
wiped out because of a
A 4-year-old pregnant wild Sumatran tiger was found dead late last month in a ravine in Indonesia. It was clear that she had struggled to break free from the trap, but it remained tight around her body. This constraint ruptured her kidney.
She had been expecting a male cub and a female cub before her life was cut short.
This is a particularly cruel example of something that happens to wild animals across the world, according to Brooks Fahy, executive director of Predator Defense, an organization that aims to protect native wildlife in the U.S.
The loss of this pregnant Sumatran tiger is one more tragic example of how indiscriminate these devices are," Fahy told The Dodo. "Every year in the United States thousands of dogs and cats and other non-target wildlife are caught in snares and other traps.
Credit: ShutterstockLocal authorities are investigating the death a suspect has been brought in who is believed to have set the trap to catch wild pigs.
An orphaned baby chimpanzee rests his head on his rescuers arm as he takes in the scenery during a special flight destined for a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The pilot, Anthony Caere, cradles Mussa and gives him a soft kiss on the head. Although Mussa was recently ripped from his mothers arms, he appears comfortable with Caere, and even plays with a few of the aircrafts knobs and switches during the flight. Over the past year, a number of great apes have experienced brushes with fame, including Ponso, the loneliest chimp in the Ivory Coast; Lulingu, the laughing baby gorilla; and Mussa, whose mother was killed by poachers. Their viral stories grabbed public attention on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and via large news organizations. Bonobos, gorillas, orangutans and chimpanzees face a fight for survival, and social media offers a new tool to help people connect with these endangered great apes. While great ape advocacy organizations are ready to wield the power of social media, theyre not just aiming for shares and likes, they say. Rather, sanctuaries and advocacy groups want to use those viral stories and social media in general to help save our closest relatives. Footage of a baby chimps rescue flight posted by the Lwiro Primate Rehabilitation Center went viral. Shared on social media as well as by media organizations, the video has been viewed more than 2 million times. Image courtesy of Primate Rehabilitation Center. Going viral The Lwiro Primate Rehabilitation Center in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
A couple weeks ago, Olena Kagui was scrolling through Facebook
on the subway when she saw something that made her finger freeze on
the screen. There was a
post about a pit bull with wide, sad-looking eyes, who was
going to be euthanized at a shelter in Brooklyn, New York.
I normally scroll past, because it makes me sad that I can't rescue all the dogs in need, but something about his face caught my attention, Kagui told The Dodo.
Credit: Facebook/Julie CarnerThe post described the pit bull, named Smiley, as a friendly and outgoing dog who was house-trained and loved to play with squeaky toys. The only reason hed been taken to the shelter was because his family was having a new baby.
Credit: Facebook/Julie CarnerI started bawling when I saw that no one in the comments said they could take him, Kagui said. My husband noticed me crying, read the post and said, We can't get a dog right now.
By the time a team of worried people in India lowered a cage by
ropes deep down into a well, they were all desperately hoping that
their efforts would work.
It had already been several hours since locals had reported what they saw down at the bottom to the Forest Department, who then contacted Wildlife SOS, which dispatched an emergency rescue team and a life was on the line.
Credit: Wildlife SOSLocals had spotted a lithe and graceful figure 50 feet deep in the well, pacing back and forth in a panic.
Credit: Wildlife SOS"In the last decade around 1,500 animals, including leopards, jackals, jungle cats, sambars and hyenas, have reportedly died after falling into open wells and uncovered water tanks, making these a growing threat to wildlife in Maharashtra," Wildlife SOS wrote in a press release.
Credit: Wildlife SOSThe 11-person team, which included a veterinarian, had hoped that the leopard would voluntarily climb into the cage they lowered 50 feet down into the hole. "On seeing the unfamiliar metal box the petrified animal darte...
by Matt Volz / Associated Press
HELENA, Mont. (AP) A grizzly bear attacked an elk hunter who surprised the sow and her cub north of Yellowstone National Park, with the bear sinking her teeth into his arm and clawing his eye before another hunter drove her off, the victim recounted Monday.
The mauling of Bob Legasa, 57, in the Gallatin National Forest on Saturday was at least the seventh bear attack on a human since May in the Northern Rocky Mountains.
Legasa, awaiting his second surgery on Monday, told The Associated Press in a phone interview from his hospital room in Bozeman, Montana, that he and his hunting partner were moving toward some elk when he heard a growl.
It was a 2-year-old cub and its mother about 12 yards (11 meters) away from the tree that he had just stepped away from. After the cub growled and moved aside, its mother charged, Legasa said.
I was hoping it was going to be a bluff charge, and halfway through I realized it was going to be the real deal, he said.
The bow hunter from Hayden, Idaho, didnt have time to reach for his bear spray; he barely had time to raise his arms in front of his face.
The grizzly bit his hand, leaving puncture wounds and breaking a bone in his...
Climate Change: the complex issue that we just cant seem to figure out. Confusion around the causes and effects of climate change make it easy for the oil and gas industry, its scientists for hire, and scheming politicians to muddy the issue.
Industry touted natural gas as a bridge fuel on the path to cleaner, more sustainable fuel sources, but climate change has accelerated beyond what most climate science predicted. Until recently, climate science focused on carbon dioxide (CO2). It wasnt until 2011 that the first peer-reviewed study was published looking at the climate impacts of methane from fracking-related (oil and gas) development. When this study was released, it warned that fracked gas was not a suitable bridge fuel, we were well into the fracking boom that started in 2006.TAKE ACTION: Tell Trumps EPA not to gut methane safeguards.
Most people are still not fully aware of the fracked gas threat. When the media does write about fracked gas, they often use outdated information about its potential to warm the planet compared to CO2, declaring that the methane released by fracking is only 30 times as powerful a greenhouse gas over 100 years.
Heres the breaking news: According to Scientific American, Methane warms the planet on steroids for a decade or two before decaying to CO2Short-lived climate pollutants [like methane] that we emit from human activities [mainly oil and gas production] are basically controlling how fast the warming occurs.
So harmful is methane that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) determined that it is 86 times more potent than CO2 over a 20 year period. We now know methane is actually more like 100 times more potent than CO2 over two decades.
As we say in Texas, its time to f...
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